- (r. 1752-1760)Founding king of the Konbaung Dynasty, he was a local leader at Moksobomyo, north of Ava (Inwa), which he made into a fortified capital and renamed Shwebo. In 1752, Binnya Dala, the ruler of the Mon state of Hanthawaddy, captured Ava, but Alaungpaya (as he styled himself after proclaiming himself king, meaning "embryo Buddha") recaptured it the following year and led an armed expedition down the Irrawaddy (Ayeyarwady) River into Lower Burma, capturing Dagon, which he renamed Rangoon (Yangon), meaning "end of strife," in 1755, Syriam (Thanlyin) in 1756, and Pegu in 1757. With Pegu's fall, Binnya Dala was deposed and the history of independent Mon states ended. Alaungpaya attacked the small but troublesome state of Manipur in northeastern India, dealt harshly with Mon uprisings in Lower Burma, and launched an unsuccessful invasion of Siam (Thailand) by way of Tenasserim (Tanintharyi) in 1760. On this expedition, he died of disease or injury.An exemplar of warlike Burman values, historians believe that Alaungpaya's reign marked the beginning of polarization between the Burmans and the ethnic minorities, especially the rebellious Mons. Earlier kings, such as Bayinnaung, were great admirers of Mon culture. Lower Burma was largely depopulated by Alaungpaya's campaigns.
Historical Dictionary of Burma (Myanmar). Donald M. Seekins . 2014.
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Alaungpaya — ( my. အလောင်းဘုရား) or Alompra or Alaung Mintaya ( my. အလောင်းမင်းတရား,( th. อลองพญา) lit. Future Buddha King, 1714 ndash; April 13 1760) was a Burmese king who founded the Konbaung Dynasty (Heaven s platform) and the Third Burmese Empire in the… … Wikipedia
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Alaungpaya — (birman အလောင်းဘုရား), Alompra ou Alaung Mintaya (birman အလောင်းမင်းတရား, littéralement Futur Roi Bouddha), (24 septembre 1714 – 11 mai 1760) fut un roi de Birmanie, fondateur de la dynastie Konbaung et du troisième empire birman. Il était né à… … Wikipédia en Français
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